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Note on Infrastructures of Development, Type and Importance

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Development activities offer people several kinds of opportunities. Development is concerned with health, education, acquisition of civil rights, availability of employment, the right to dignified life, gender equality, community welfare, and decentralised administration. Therefore, there should be infrastructure for the acceleration of development. Development works are related to physical, social and economic aspects.

Types of infrastructures of development

The types infrastructures of development are : -

  1. Human resources : Human resource is essential to have skilled manpower to conduct development and construction activities in every sector like education, health, agriculture, communication, science and technology. Unless skilled manpower is available, developmental activities cannot be carried on efficiently.
  2. Physical aspect : Roads, bridges, canals, drains, sewerage, buildings, electricity, communication, etc. are physical infrastructures. The development of these aspects helps to run more development works.
  3. Social aspects : It is absolutely necessary to develop social aspect like other infrastructures of development. Knowledge, skills and efficiency should be used to conduct development and construction works. Working interest, participating desire and decision-making capacity are necessary for people. These qualities will make them self-dependent and will motivate them to do development works. People must be made responsible towards developmental works through such social qualities. Such efforts bring co-operation.
  4. Economic aspects : Development works need investment. All infrastructures for physical, economic and social development need financial investment. Facility of banking can be its example.

Importance of infrastructure of development

The importance of infrastructures of development are as follows: -

  1. Planned development : Infrastructures make it easy to conduct development activities in planned way. The activities can be easily extended to other sectors to meet a goal on time.
  2. Increase public participation : Public participationincreasesdevelopment activities. It helps to conduct the development works effectively.
  3. Integrated development : Different infrastructures of development such as human resources, physical, social and economic aspects are interrelated with one another. The integrated development of these aspects prepares the foundation for other development activities.
  4. Development of human resource : Development works increase people's efficiency.
  5. Advance in development : Infrastructures of development create a base for development and construction activities. The speed of development becomes high expanded to further progress.
  6. The balance of development : Infrastructures assist to extend the development activities to various parts of the country. So, the people of remote parts of the country can be beneficial from the development works.

  • Development is concerned with health, education, acquisition of civil rights, availability of employment, the right to dignify life, gender equality, community welfare, and decentralised administration.
  • Roads, bridges, canals, drains, sewerage, buildings, electricity, communication, etc. are physical infrastructures.
  • Infrastructures are very important for development.
  • Infrastructures make it easy to conduct development activities in planned way.
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Very Short Questions

The basic element like physical, economic, etc. that is essential for the development process is known as the infrastructure of development.

A technician belongs to the human resources of infrastructures of development.

The basic elements like education, health, industry, human resource, etc. which are the essential elements of development process are known as the infrastructure of development. The importances of sustainable development are as follows:

  1. Proper use of resources
  2. Feeling of responsibility
  3. Promotion of public participation
  4. Development of basic aspects of health, education, agriculture, tourism etc.
  5. Balanced development
  6. Long term vision

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  • The set of individuals who make up the workforce of an organization, offices and other developmental projects is ______.

    physical aspect
    human resource
    economic aspect
    social aspect
  • Nepal lacks better facilities of infrastructures due to ______.

    lack of technology
    all the options are correct
    enough capital
    lack of efficient human resource
  • Road is ______.

    economic aspect of infrastructure
    physical aspect of infrastructure
    none of the options are correct
    social aspect of infrastructure
  • Poverty is the result of ______.

    inflation
    all the options are correct
    inequality
    rapid population growth
  • Which one of the following is the importance of infrastructures?

    Base of economic activities
    Reduction of poverty
    Increases financial flow
    All the options are correct
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