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Note on Ban on Political Parties & Socio-Economic Achievements from 2007-2017 B.S.

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Failure of the government of B.P Koirala

The government of BP Koirala could only rule for 18 months. The reasons for the failure of the government are:

  1. Sharp critics and the opposition party requested the king to dismiss the government.
  2. The ruling party neglected the voice of the people and the opposition.
  3. There was an internal conflict in the ruling party.
  4. King Mahendra was a power lover and he wanted to rule the country directly.
  5. There was lawlessness insecurity which helped King Mahendra to dissolve the government.
  6. Parties were involved in fulfilling their personal interest.

Blames imposed by the King before dissolving the government

The power was used to fulfill personal interest of the individuals keeping the nation and the people aside.

  1. No rules and laws were respected by the people and the parties.
  2. The government tried to make the administration weak as they worked for their personal benefits forgetting people's sentiment and interest.
  3. Corruption was increased because of the misuse of the power and authority.
  4. The government failed to maintain peace and order in the country.
  5. Anti-national elements increased and national unity was threatened.

 

King Mahendra, who didn't like the multi-party democracy, took the opportunity on Poush 1, 2017 B.S. and made a speech broadcast on the radio announcing his takeover.

"Because of the misuse of the authority, corruption has increased, and there is anarchy in the nation so that national unity is threatened. Random economic decisions have caused instability. In order to protect national unity, create peace and cooperation and to save the whole country we are forced to act according to Article 55 of the constitution and will suspend the cabinet, both houses of parliament and the party system. We will take sole responsibility as laid down in article 55 until a new system is put in place. With good wishes and support from all Nepalese, good governance will prove to be possible."

This announcement hijacked the democracy the Nepali people fought for years through blood, sweat and sacrifice. This day is remembered as Black Day in Nepalese history. The ban on political parties was also put into effect. The king had arrested Prime Minister BP Koirala, the ministers, and other leaders and put them in prison 4 hours prior to the announcement. Curfew was put outside the royal palace every night then onwards. This royal act is called the coup of 2017 BS. On Poush 1, 2017 BS he announced partyless Panchayat system.

 

Social and Economic Achievements from 2007 B.S. to 2017 B.S.

  1. Establishment of various friendly and diplomatic relations with foreign countries.
  2. The Radio Nepal started its broadcasting service.
  3. Establishment of Padma Kanya Multiple Campus, the first women college of Nepal in Bagbazar.
  4. Paropakar Anathalaya was established by Dayabir Singh Kansakar.
  5. Many english medium schools were established. Similarly, the number of schools reached 4191 whereas, during Rana regime, the number of schools was only 335.
  6. Supreme Court was established.
  7. Law college was established.
  8. Tribhuvan University was established.
  9. Nepal became a member of the United Nations Organization (UNO) on 14th December 1955 A.D.
  10. The first elected government under Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala (B.P. Koirala) was formed.
  11. Multiparty democratic system was practiced.
  12. The first democratic constitution was formed.
  13. Hetauda ropeway began operation.
  14. Highways were built in Nepal.

 

Economic Achievements

  1. 5 Year Plan started for the first time from 22nd Aswin 2012 B.S. and implemented from 2013 B.S.
  2. Provision of Annual Budget started from 2008 B.S.
  3. Mohiyani Hak (Farmer’s Rights to land) was  introduced from 17th Bhadra 2013 B.S.
  4. Nepal Rastra Bank (14th Baishakh 2013 B.S.) and Agricultural Development Bank was started.
  5. Tribhuvan Highway was constructed.
  6. Telephone and telegram services were started.
  7. The forest was nationalized.
  8. The system of Birta was abolished from2016 B.S.
  9. Through NIDC (Nepal Industrial Development Corporation) establishment of industries was encouraged.

     

 

 

 

 

 

Question: If you were a member of political party, what programs would you launch against King Mahendra's action?

Answer:

  1. I would aware people to protest against the king's undemocratic step.
  2. I would organize a mass protest rally against the step of the king.
  3. I would distribute posters, pamphlets to aware people.
  4. I would inspire people so that they would create strong protest without having the fear of being jailed.

  1. King Mahendra, who didn't like the multi-party democracy, took the opportunity on Poush 1, 2017 B.S.
  2. This announcement hijacked the democracy the Nepali people fought for years through blood, sweat and sacrifice. This day is remembered as Black Day in Nepalese history.
  3. The king had arrested Prime Minister BP Koirala, the ministers, and other leaders and put them in prison 4 hours prior to the announcement.
  4. Curfew was put outside the royal palace every night then onwards. This royal act is called the coup of 2017 BS.
  5. On Poush 1, 2017 BS he announced partyless Panchayat system.
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Very Short Questions

The suspended clauses of articles by king Mahendra were are as follows:

  1. Party 2 (two) all articles
  2. Party 3 (three) all articles
  3. Party 4 (four) all articles except article 11
  4. Party 5 (five) all articles except article 55
  5. Party 9 (nine) except article 73 (seventy three) annexure 3 (three)
  6. Party 10 (ten) all articles


  1. Party less Panchayat system started.
  2. The agitation by the Nepali congress and other parties increased.
  3. New constitution was made.
  4. King Mahendra gained popularity for his work of keeping peace security and good governance.
  5. India opposed this step but China welcomed it.

The achievement of the king Mahendra are listed below:

  1. He introduced the first five year plan.
  2. He introduced the Muluki Ain.
  3. He constructed East- West highway and Araniko Highway.
  4. He established Patan industrial estate.
  5. He established Tribhuvan University.
  6. He introduced new education plan 2029 B.S.
  7. He adopted non-aligned foreign policy.

On 1st Poush, 2017 B.S. king Mahendra dissolved the then government. He arrested B.P. Koirala and other ministers and imprisoned them. Further, he dissolved the Panchayat system and put ban on the political parties. The existing constitution was paralyzed. It was from this day onward that people had to struggle to restore democracy. Therefore, 1st Poush is regarded as the 'Black Day'.

If I were the member of the political parties, I would react on the prohibition of political parties in the following ways:

  1. I would join the meetings of the parties and plan opposition programme secretly.
  2. I would arrange procession against the action of the king.
  3. I would encourage every person to act against the king and his rule.
  4. I would send recommendation letter to step down the power.

Panchayat ruling system was founded by king Mahendra on Poush 1, 2017 BS. It was very undemocratic step of the king because it dismissed the elected government of B.P. Koirala, suppressed people's rights and initiated party less panchayat system.
Because of the following points, Panchayat ruling system was against the people.

  1. All the democratic norms and values were paralyzed and political parties were restricted.
  2. People were provided with no fundamental rights and panchayat based constitution was enacted.
  3. There was no rule of law, as the king himself would make decisions in every state mater.
The two similarities between the political steps taken by king Mahendra on Poush 1, 2017 BS and by King Gyanendra on Magh 19, 2061 are:
  1. The steps of both were undemocratic and had suspended the elected government.
  2. People's rights were paralyzed and monopolistic ruling was begun in the king's premiership in the both ships.
The difference between the steps of king Mahendra and Gyanendra are as follows.
1st Poush, 2017 Magh 19, 2061
(a) King Mahendra had banned on the political parties and initiated the Panchayat. (a) King Gyanendra had only restricted the activities of political parties.
(b) The constitution if 2015 BS was entirely suspended. (b) Only some articles were paralyzed in constitution of 2048 BS.
(c) Party less panchayat was begun. (c) No any such system was introduced.
(d) Most of the political leaders were imprisoned. (d) The major leaders were kept in home imprisonment.

If I were asked to support Late King Mahendra's abduction of democracy on Poush 1 2017 BS, I would not have supported him. But I would have definitely requested him that it would be better for the long run of Shah Dynasty if you could be in throne being respected instead of seizing the power of people.

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  • When was the constitution of Nepal 2015 BS promulgated?

    1st Falgun 2015 BS
    11th Baishak 2015 BS
    15th Jyeshta 2015 BS
    28th Chaitra 2015 BS
  • The first general election of parliament was held on

    11th Baishak 2063 BS
    28th Chaitra 2064 BS
    7th Falgun 2015 BS
    1st Magh 2015 BS
  • When was Panchayat System declared?

    Magh 22, 2017 BS
    Falgun 22, 2027 BS
    Poush 22, 2047 BS
    Poush 22, 2017 BS
  • Who was the first elected Prime Minister of Nepal?

    Ganesh Man Singh
    Girija Prasad Koirala
    Bishweshwor Prasad Koirala
    Marich Man Singh
  • When did King Mahendra dismissed the elected government of Nepali Congress?

    1st Poush, 2017 BS
    Falgun 22, 2027 BS
    7th Falgun 2015 BS
    Magh 22, 2017 BS
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Direct rule by king between2007to2017


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HARI SHARAN NEUPANE

TO what extend were blames either they were right or wrong imposed by king mahendra on first elected government .prepare a model of interview that u had with political analyst


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HARI SHARAN NEUPANE

To what e


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