Note on Other Organizations and Institutions of Nepal

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Health is a concern of every individual and organization. So, different organizations and agencies are involved directly or indirectly in the health providing system of the country. The role played by the different organizations for providing health services are appreciable, but still, there is ground to improve their services. There are many government and non-government organizations involved in the health services providing systems.

Among them, some of the important organizations are as follows: -

Nepal Paropakar Association

Nepal Paropakar Association established on 5th September 1947 by Daya Bir Singh Kansakar with the help of a group of volunteers . They started forming voluntary groups from 1946. It is the first non-governmental philanthropic organization in Nepal. The central office of this organization is situated at Bhimsenthan in Kathmandu. The organization has its branches in other districts as well.

The following services are provided by Nepal Paropakar Association:

  • Distributes free medicine to poor and orphans
  • Provides health services all over the country by its primary health depot
  • Paropakar Aadarsh Madhyamik Vidhyalaya provides secondary level education to general public
  • Starting maternity hospital since 1959
  • Provides ambulance services to general public

Nepal Anti-Tuberculosis Association

Nepal Anti-Tuberculosis Association was established in 2010 B.S. by 10 volunteers. In 2022 B.S. after tripartite agreement with the Government of Nepal ,WHO and UNICEF it has been working nationwide. It also works for preventive measures like BCG vaccination and care finding. This association started with German Nepal Tuberculosis Project (GENETUP). It also started Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS).

The objectives of Nepal Anti-Tuberculosis Association are as follows:

  • Study the problems of tuberculosis in Nepal and adopt various preventive and curative measures for the control of the disease
  • Make the mass conscious of menace of it by various publicity
  • Co-ordinate with the governmental tuberculosis control programs

Some programs launched by Nepal Anti-Tuberculosis Association:

  • Provide BCG vaccination
  • Diagnosis and treatment
  • Community-based health education program
  • Exchange of ideas and experiences

Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN)

Family Planning Association of Nepal was established in 1959 A.D. (2016 BS) in the initiation of volunteer physician and started its service in collaboration with the American institution Path Finder. It has got membership from International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) in 2026 B.S. It has its central office at Pulchowk, Lalitpur. It provides its services in family planning and MCH. It has its slogan "Small Family-Happy Family".

The objectives of Family Planning Association of Nepal are as follows: -

  • To help couples to plan the number of children
  • To co-operate in protecting and promoting maternal and child health
  • To conduct family planning clinic in different places
  • To serve and council the childless couples who are willing to bear child

Nepal Leprosy Relief Association

Nepal Leprosy Relief Association was established as an NGO in 26th Asar, 2026 BS. Its head office is in Maharajgunj, Kathmandu and it has its branch offices in all 5 Regional Developmental Zone of the country.

Functions are:

  • Diagnose leprosy amongst people
  • To treat people
  • Make people aware through health education
  • Make people aware
  • To rehabilitate the leprosy patients

Nepal Red Cross Society

Nepal Red Cross was established on 4th September 1963. "Jaha Dukh, The Redcross [Where there is sorrow, there is Red Cross" is its motto. It has actively participated in various humanitarian services and activities in society. The head office ofNepal Red CrossSociety is inRed CrossMarg, Tahachal, Kathmandu.

It has been involving in different services:

  • Service oriented activities
  • Health service activities
  • Development activities
  • Organizational development activities

Objectives of ninth planning 2053:

  • To accept rights of health as human rights of people by introducing preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative and family planning to raise people's health
  • To develop the concept of small family and to control population growth
  • To produce healthy manpower

Strategies of ninth plan:

  • To increase woman health volunteer up to 73000
  • To make sub-health post effective in every VDC
  • To establish primary health centres in all constituents
  • To introduce Hepatitis B vaccination

Nepal Heart Foundation

Nepal Heart Foundation was established in 2045 B.S.in order to control and prevent the increasing problems of non-communicable diseases, especially heart diseases like BP, high level of cholesterol, diabetes, heart attack, etc. It has its central office in Kathmandu and branches in many districts. It has conducted various activities for the diagnosis, treatment and control of heart diseases. Martyr Gangalal Heart Heart Centre was established with its initiation.

Activities of Nepal Heart Foundation:

  • Aware people on heart diseases
  • Inspiring people to adopt healthy lifestyle
  • Conducting national programme on prevention and control of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart diseases
  • Providing assistance for surgery of heart patients

  • Nepal Paropakar Association was established on 5th September 1947 by Daya Bir Singh Kansakar.
  • Nepal Anti-Tuberculosis Association was established in 2010 B.S. by 10 volunteers. In 2022 B.S. after tripartite agreement with Nepal government with WHO and UNICEF it has been working nationwide.
  • Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN) was established in 2016 and got membership from International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) in 2026 B.S.
  • Nepal Leprosy Relief Association was established in 20th Asar, 2016.
  • Nepal Red Cross Society was established on 4th September 1963.
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Very Short Questions

DOTS is the name of the treatment system of tuberculosis which is very successful in Nepal.

The full form of DOTS system of tuberculosis treatment is Direct Observation Treatment System.

Nepal Paropakar Association was established on 10th Asoj 2004 BS.

Nepal Red Cross Society was established in 2020 BS.

The Nepal Family Planning Association was established in 2016 BS.

The Nepal Family Planning Association got the membership of the International Family Planning Association in 2026 BS.

About 50% of the Nepalese were expected to use family planning measures by the end of the tenth five year plan.

Jean Henry Dunant, a French philanthropist, is the founder of Red Cross society.

Blood transfusion is a major function of the Red Cross Society.

NATA has adapted the following activities to meet the purposed objectives:

  1. Diagnosis of the diseases and treatment
  2. Provision of BCG vaccination
  3. Exchanging ideas and experiences through workshops, seminars and training
  4. Spreading knowledge about TB through various media
  5. Community based health education programmes

The objectives of the FPAN are listed below:

  1. To help couples to plan the number of children.
  2. To co-operate in protecting and promoting maternal child health.
  3. To serve and counsel the people to have children who are willing to have them.
  4. To conduct mobile family planning clinic in different place.

The following are the programmes of Nepal Leprosy Relief programme:

  1. The number of leprosy patients are reduced less than one percent.
  2. Leprosy patient are diagnosed in early stage so that deformity and damage in body organs can be prevented.
  3. Health education is made available to all the communities to make them aware about the leprosy so that it can be cured.

The objectives of 9th five year plan are as follows:

  1. To produce healthy manpower for the potential development and to eliminate poverty through economic upliftment.
  2. To control the population growth rate by explaining the family planning services.
  3. To expand health services to promote people's health status.
  4. To provide preventive, primitives, curative and rehabilitation health programmes.

The objectives of Family planning association of Nepal is as follows:

  1. To launch the family planning and maternal child health care programmes in local levels.
  2. To launch the family planning and maternal child health care programmes by using modern technologies.
  3. To reduce the birth rate by advertising the use of temporary and permanent methods of family planning and spreading of contraceptive devices.

Promotive health services are those measures applied for bringing out improvement in the current status of health of the people. Maternal child health care, communicable diseases control programs, etc. are the examples of promotive health services. Similarly, preventive health services are those measures applied for preventing various diseases and health risks. Provision of safe drinking water, awareness about hygiene, vaccination and immunization, etc. are such programmes that come under preventive health services.
The objective of the Family Planning Association of Nepal are listed as below:

  1. To help couples to plan the number of children.
  2. To co-operate in protecting and promoting maternal and child health care.
  3. To serve and give counseling to the people to have children in limited number.
  4. To conduct mobile family planning clinics in different places.

0%
  • The full form of NGO is ______.

    Non-Governance Organization
    Non-Global Organization
    Non-Governmental Organization
    Nepal-Governmental Organization
  • The full form of NATA is ______.

    Nepal Anti Tuberculosis Association
    Nepal Anti Tuberculosis Active
    National Anti Tuberculosis Association
    Nepal Anti Tonsils Association
  • The full form of DOTS is ______.

    Directly Observed Treatment Sheet-course
    Dominant Observed Treatment Short-course
    Directly Opportunized Treatment Short-course
    Directly Observed Treatment Short-course
  • The full form of FPAN is ______.

    Family Planning Association of Nation
    Family Promotion Association of Nepal
    Federation Planning Association of Nepal
    Family Planning Association of Nepal
  • Paropakar Adarsha Secondary School was establish in ______.

    1954 AD
    1863 AD
    1922 AD
    1962 AD
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Amrit

Who was the founder of Nepal red Cross?


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Prakash Sapkota

present condition of Nepal Red Society.


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