Adaptation of Organisms

After completion of this lesson, student must be able to:

  • Make a list of different types of terrestrial and aquatic organisms.
  • Describe adaptation characters of animals and plants of different habitats with different example.

Notes

Terrestrial Adaptation

On the basis of physical conditions, the terrestrial plants are divided into two types. They are: mesophytes and xerophytes. Xerophytes are those plants which are grown in dry and hot habitat. They are also called desert plants. Mesophytes are those plants which grow on average and moisture temperature. This note provides us the information about terrestrial adaptation of plants and animals.

Aquatic Adaptation

Adaptation is defined as the process of adjustment of an organism with its environment. The plants which grow, derive food, multiply and adjust themselves inside water are called aquatic plants. The animals which grow, multiply and adjust themselves inside water are called aquatic animals. This note provides us the information about adaptation and adaptation of hydrophytes.