Disease. Nutrition. Tobacco. Alcohol And Drug

After completing this this lesson, student must be able to:

  • Describe the concept of nutrition.
  • Explain the importance of balanced diet.
  • Introduction to disease.
  • Describe some common communicable and non- communicable diseases.
  • Describe the effect of smoking and tobacco chewing.
  • List sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Classification of drugs and its causes and  effect.
  • Explain causes of alcoholism and its effect.

Notes

Introduction to Disease

The state of feeling uncomfortable and uneasy due to disorder in the body which makes it difficult to do any work is called disease. This note has a short introduction on disease and its type.

Communicable Diseases

Those diseases that are mainly caused by virus and bacteria and can be transferred from an unhealthy person to a healthy person are called communicable diseases. This note has information on few communicable diseases like Ascaris lumbriocoides, diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera and common cold.

Non-communicable Disease

The diseases which are mainly caused due to unhealthy lifestyle, lack of exercise, unhealthy food, etc. but are not transferred from one person to another are called non-communicable diseases. This note enlightens about some common non-communicable diseases like cancer, COPD, heart attack, stroke etc.

Hepatitis and STDs

Hepatitis B develops gradually without symptoms. So, it is known as 'Silent Killer'. This note is brief explanation of hepatitis B and C with very common sexually transmitted disease.

Nutrition

Nutrition is a food science , which relates to the nutrients essential for proper physical growth. This note has information about the nutrition and balanced diet.

Some Diseases Caused by Malnutrition

Unhygienic food is that which contains much sugar, salt, fat and oil, inedible chemicals. This note has information about the diseases caused by malnutrition.

Malnutrition

Malnutrition is a state resulted from deficiency or excess supply of essential nutrients. This note has information about malnutrition, its causes, types and symptoms.

Smoking and Tobacco Chewing

Nicotine and other carcinogenic chemicals affect various parts of our body. It is the causative factors of high BP, heart disease, strokes, asthma, cough and cancer. This note contains information about smoking, its causes, effects and preventive measures.