Biodiversity

After completing this lesson, student must be able to:

  • Explain the concept of biodiversity.
  • Describe the importance of biodiversity.
  • List out rare plants and animals of Nepal.
  • Explain the national and local biodiversity conservation programmes.
  • Explain the conservation of rare plants and animals of Nepal.

Notes

Biodiversity

Biodiversity means to have different types of species or ecosystem in the given region. This note is about the biodiversity,ecosystem and their importance and measures of biodiversity.

Importance of Biodiversity

The biodiversity of Nepal is threatened due to the rise of adverse effects of socio-economic status, ecological degradation and political instability. This note has information on an importance of biodiversity.

Needs of Conservation of Biodiversity

Biodiversity conservation is the conservation of all living beings. This conservation includes the conservation of their habitat, heredity and ecosystem. This note has information on needs of conservation of biodiversity.

Biodiversity by Ecological Belts

Nepal has been divided into three ecological regions: - Mountains, Hills and the Terai. This note has information on biodiversity by ecological belts and various methods of conservation of biodiversity.

Rare Plants of Nepal

There are many rare plants in our country. Some plants still need exploration. This note has information about rare plants of Nepal.

Conservation of Rare Plants

Plants are used by human as fuel, wood, food, medicine, timber and for industrial and other purposes. This note has information about the conservation of rare plants of Nepal.

Rare Animals of Nepal

Red panda is found at the height of 3,500 meters in the forest of bamboo, cane and oaks. This note has information about rare animals of Nepal.

Conservation of Rare Animals of Nepal

Animals and birds are hunted and killed for food and trade. This note has information about the conservation of rare animals of Nepal.