Metals

On completion of this lesson, the students should be able to:

  • Identify the different ores of the metals.
  • Explain the extraction, along with chemical and physical properties of iron, aluminum, copper, silver and gold.
  • Explain the use of these metals in our daily life.

Notes

Introduction to Metals

Minerals are those naturally occurring substances earthen which contains metals in any amount. This note gives us short introduction to metals. It also defines minerals, ores and has a brief introduction of metallurgy.

Iron

Iron is a transitional element and is a ‘D’ block element. It belongs to Group VIII of the periodic table. This note is about the metal iron.

Aluminum

Aluminum is a multipurpose metal lies in group 'IIIA' and period '3' in periodic table. This note provides us an information about properties of Aluminium.

Copper

Copper is the oldest human used metals.Copper is used to make electrical goods and cables, manufacture of dyes and pesticides, make utensils, coins, jewelry, etc. For more information on copper, its uses and properties please click on the title.

Silver

Silver is the ‘d’ block transition element. It belongs to the group IB of the periodic table. This topic contains the short introduction on silver and its properties and uses.

Gold

Gold is a soft, lustrous yellow metal. It is a 'd' block transition element in the periodic table. It belongs to period 6 and group IB. This note has brief introduction about gold and its properties.