## Model Question - I: Compulsory English

MODEL QUESTION-I

Subject: Compulsory English

Full Marks: 75

Time: 2:15 hrs

*Candidates are required to answer in their own words as far as practicable. Credit will be given to originality, not to rote-learning.

1. Read the following text and answer the questions that follow. [10]

Prodip Pal could not remember how many generations of lotuses had bloomed in the pond. Once he was a prosperous farmer. He had six acres of land with many granaries full of rice and was able to give generous dowries to his daughter and divide equal share of the land among his four sons. He had never expected those ironies of fate.

Nearly all the inhabitants of Bankuli had been compelled at some time or other to call on the Mahajan. He was the key person in the village. He was its banker, its moneylender, its pawnbroker and, very often, its vampire. By mortgaging the family field, Prodip obtained a loan of four hundred pounds of rice on the condition that he would return six hundred pounds after the harvest.

By this time poverty had really begun to strangle the Pals. Bad weather added to their plight. One night in April, a storm brought down all the mangoes and coconuts. Consequently, they had to sell the buffalo and Rani, the cow. Rani obviously did not want to leave; she strained at her rope with all her might uttering the most heart-reading bellows. No one could fail to read in her reaction a bad omen, a sign that Radha, beloved of cowherd god Krishna, was angry.

A. Complete the following sentences by choosing best answers. [3×1=3]

a. The Mahajan used to…………….. the villagers.

1. help    ii. exploit    iii. kill

b. Prodip Pal promised to return……………. amount of rice to the Mahajan.

1. some more    ii. equal    iii. double the

c. The word “strangle” in the above text means:

1. warn of evil fortune    ii. make a loud, deep noise    iii. kill by smothering the throat

B. Rewrite the following sentences in the correct order. [4×0.5=2]

1. Prodip Pal was also compelled to obtain a loan from him.
2. The cow produced loud deep noises.
3. Almost all the people of Bankuli had to call on the Mahajan.
4. A storm brought down all the fruits.

C. Answer the following questions. [5×1=5]

1. What did Prodip Pal do to save his family from the disaster?
2. Why does the writer call the Mahajan a vampire?
3. How was the reaction of the cow when she was sold?
4. What does “mortgaging” mean?
5. How much rice did Prodip Pal obtain from the Mahajan?

2. Read the following poem carefully and answer the question below: [5]

Stopping By the Woods on a Snowy Evening

Whose wood these are I think I know

His house is in the village though

He will not see me stopping here

To watch his woods fill up with snow.

My little horse must think it queer

To stop without a farmhouse near

Between the wood and frozen lake

The darkest evening of the year.

He gives his harness bells a shake

To ask if there is some mistake.

The only other sound’s the sweep

Of easy wind and downy flake.

The woods are lovely dark and deep

But I have promises to keep

And miles to go before I sleep

And miles to go before I sleep

- Robert Frost

A. Answer these questions in a sentence each. [3×1=3]

1. What distract the speaker from fulfilling his duties?
2. Why is the horse surprised?
3. What does the speaker mean when he says, “And miles to go before I sleep?”

B. Write words from the poem, which are closest in meaning to the following: [4×0.5=2]

1. soft falling snow
2. strange
3. a leather band for horses
4. a small place with thick trees

3. Read the following passage carefully and do the activities that follow: [10]

Jiddu Krishnamurti was born in India in 1895 and, at the age of thirteen he was  taken by the theosophical society, which considered him to be the vehicle for the “world teacher” whose advent it had been proclaiming. Krishnamurti was soon to emerge as a powerful, uncompromising, and unclassifiable teacher, whose talks and writing were not linked to any specific religion and were neither of the East nor of the West but for the whole world. Firmly repudiating the messianic image, in 1929 he dramatically dissolved the large and moneyed organization that had been built around him and declared truth to be ‘a pathless land’, which could not be approached by any formalized religion, philosophy, or sect.

For the rest of his life Krishnamurti insistently rejected the guru status that others tried to foist upon him. He continued to attract large audiences throughout the world but claimed no authority, wanted no discipline, and spoke always as one individual to another. At the core of his teaching was the realization that fundamental changes in society can be brought about only by a transformation of individual consciousness. The need for self-knowledge and understanding of the restrictive, separative influences of religious and nationalistic conditionings was constantly stressed. He always pointed to the urgent need for openness, for that ‘vast space in the brain in which there is unimaginable energy’. This seems to have been the wellspring of his creativity and the key to his catalytic impact on such a wide variety of people.

Krishnamurti continued to speak all over the world until he died in 1986. His talks and dialogues, journals and letters have been preserved in over sixty books and hundreds of recordings.

A. Decide and write whether the following statements are true or false. [4×0.5=2]

1. The theosophical society was in quest of a world teacher.
2. Everybody had expected that Krishnamurti would renounce wealth.
3. He never believed in religion and philosophy.
4. Change according to Krishnamurti could only be brought about by self-realization.

B. Find the words from the above text that are closest in meaning to these words and phrases. [6×0.5=3]

1. stating publicly
2. rigid, firm
3. an outlook towards life
4. prosperous and rich
5. to impose, to thrust
6. realization

C. Answer the following questions in brief. [5x1=5]

1. What was Krishnamurti sought for?
2. Why do you think he dissolved the well-built organization?
3. What was his idea about “truth”?
4. What was the core of his teaching?
5. What was Krishnamurti strictly against?

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A. From the text above, find the words and phrases that are nearly opposite in meaning to these words and phrases: [6×0.5=3]

1. indifferent    ii. few    iii. general    iv. consistent    v. obvious    vi. inferiority

B. Rewrite the following statements filling in with the best contextual words. [4×1=4]

1. ……… is offering the TESOL certificate degree in Nepal.
2. ……… is regarded as an eye to see the world.
3. Learning English also teaches you the………… of the hosts' native land.
4. One can enroll in TEFL via the ……….

1. Who are basically targetted for the TEFL programmes?
2. What sort of services does the organization launch?
3. What evidences does it bring on the credibility of the organization?
4. What additional assurances does TEFL international promise its prospective students?

5. Write a letter to the editor of a daily, discussing the issue of road accidents in Nepal. [12]

6. Write a set of rules and regulation that are strictly followed in an examination hall. [6]

7. Develop the following outlines into a short and interesting story. [6]

A cat kills many mice ……… mice hold a meeting ……… look for safety measures ……… a young mouse says, ‘Let’s bell the cat’, agree and happy ……… but then an old cat asks, ‘Who’ll bell the cat? ……… all quiet ……… moral.

8. Rewrite the following sentences filling in with the correct options given in the brackets. [12×0.5=6]

1. She is ……… only child of her parents. (a / an / the)
2. He goes to school ……… a bus every day. (on / by / in)
3. You needn’t worry about the examination, ………? (do you/don’t you/need you)
4. Recently, scientists ……… a new living planet like the earth. (discovered / have discovered / had discovered)
5. We overcame all our troubles in no time. The Yes-No question of the above statement is………? (do we overcome all our troubles in no time / did we overcome all our troubles in no time / did we overcame all our troubles in no time)
6. None but the brave ……… respect. (deserve / deserves / is being deserved)
7. He can’t have committed the offence. Affirmatively, we can say ……… (he must have committed the offence / he may have committed the offence /  he can have committed the offence)
8. I hate being stared at. In other words, it means ……… (I hate people stared at me / I hate people staring at me / I hate staring by people)
9. “I want order in the court room,” the judge said. Alternatively, the judge insisted that there ……… (was order in the courtroom / is order in the courtroom / be order in the courtroom)
10. Please take an umbrella ……… it rains. (in case / if / when)
11. Sarita got her maid ……… her house. (clean / to clean / cleaned)
12. ……… the holiday, I’d have missed her birthday party. (had it been / in case / but for)

9. Copy the story out in your answer sheet choosing the best alternatives given in the brackets. [10×0.5=5]

There ……… (was / were / are) two women ……… (which / whom / who) quarrelled ……… (about / for / to) a baby. Each of them claimed it as her own. At last they went to a wise judge ………  (and / but / although) got him to decide the case. First he listened to each one of them very carefully and deeply contemplated over the issue. Now he came up with a grave solution. He proposed severing the baby into two equal halves and sharing between the two of the women. Then the judge said to them. ‘You’ll be happy then………?’ (won’t you / wouldn’t you / can’t you)  Surprisingly, one of the women readily accepted the condition but ……… (the / an / a) other was aghast at such a proposal. ……… (because / instead / despite) of having the poor little thing killed, she rather agreed to give away the baby to her rival. Now the judge came to a conclusion that the second woman ……… (was / has been / is) the real mother of the baby. According to him, if she was not the real mother, she too ……… (would agree / would have agreed / will agree) to let the baby be killed. It was her motherly affection not to end the precious life of her baby that made the wise judge ……… (to decide / decided / decide) the case in a wise and responsible manner.

**Good Luck**